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Claude Lévi-Strauss tanulmányai - EBSCO

2011-05-17 13:54:58

From Neolithic Naturalness to Tristes Tropiques: The Emergence of Lévi-Strauss's New Humanism / Doja, Albert = Theory, Culture & Society; Jan 2008, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p77-100, 24p. Subject terms: humanism, structural anthropology, political science, modernity, philosophy, humanity, anthropology, humanism, Lévi-Strauss, Rousseau, structural analysis

Abstract: Within the contradictory strands of anti-structural critiques of Levi-Strauss's anthropology as whether inherently anti-humanistic or metaphysically humanistic, his Rousseauian inspiration and the new humanism of structural anthropology as a human science are rarely appreciated, despite the fact that they could lay strong claim to having mapped the philosophical parameters of an increasing preoccupation with issues of political concern and engagement within anthropology in the post-colonial era. Above all, Levi-Strauss's critique of modernity is not an idealistic call for a return to the state of nature. The virtual reconstructions of structural anthropology can be applied to reform modern society. There is a question of enrolling anthropology within a secular project of the emancipation of humankind, 'in order to extend humanism to the measure of humanity'. [abstract from author]

The shoulders of our giants: Claude Lévi-Strauss and his legacy in current anthropology / Albert Doja = Social Science Information; Mar 2006, Vol. 45 Issue 1, p79-107, 29p. Subject Terms: anthropology, social sciences, cybernetics, mathematics

Abstract: English: In the course of anti-structuralist criticism, the main thrust of Lévi-Strauss’s epistemological approach seems to have been lost, to the collective detriment of social sciences and anthropology. By its monumental character, Lévi-Strauss’s work evokes that of the founders of anthropology, whereas, by the way in which it puts in relation the cultural and the mental, it anticipates a theoretical anthropology to come, with the ambition of providing a rigorous method that comes close to scientific knowledge. The fundamental point remains the emancipation of the structural approach from the linguistic model and its orientation toward a new context of science and technology, as exemplified in mathematics, information science, cybernetics and game theory, which made it possible for structural anthropology to innovatively account for the social systems and praxis of competitive and strategic practices. French: Au cours du criticisme anti-structuraliste, l'objectif central de l'approche épistémologique de Lévi-Strauss semble avoir été perdue au détriment collectif de l'anthropologie et des sciences sociales. Par son caractère monumental, l'œuvre de Lévi-Strauss évoque celle des fondateurs de l'anthropologie, alors que par la façon dont elle met en rapport le culturel et le mental, elle anticipe sur une anthropologie théorique à venir, avec l'ambition de fournir une méthode rigoureuse d'investigation anthropologique proche du savoir scientifique. Le point fondamental ... [abstract from author]

Lévi-Strauss and the political. The elementary structures of kinship and the resolution of relations between indigenous people and settler states/ Asch, Michael = Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute; Sep 2005, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p425-444, 20p. Subject terms: kinship, ethnology, indigenous peoples, pioneers, societies, history, organization, Canada

Abstract: This article addresses the contribution of Lévi-Strauss's The elementary structures of kinship to resolving political relations between indigenous peoples and the settler states. To this end, it explores his discussion of the origins of society within the context of Enlightenment-inspired political thought and concludes that he provides a unique, counter-hegemonic alternative to conventional narratives. It then shows how this argument thwarts the presumption in Canadian jurisprudence that indigenous peoples were automatically incorporated into the state through European settlement, and fosters an understanding that a relationship based on the concept of ‘Treaty’ as understood in indigenous political thought promotes a political relationship that affirms the integrity of all parties. [abstract from author]

Minding experience: An exploration of the concept of “experience” in the early French anthropology of Durkheim, Lévy-Bruhl, and Lévi-Strauss / Throop, C. Jason = Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences; Fall 2003, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p365-382, 18p

Abstract: In line with the growing concern with the unexamined reliance upon the concept of “experience” in anthropology, this article explores in some detail the various usages and definitions of the concept in the work of three of early French anthropology's most influential theorists: Émile Durkheim (1858–1918), Lucien Lévy-Bruhl (1857–1939), and Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–). With its important influence on both British and American anthropology, the early French anthropological tradition, as epitomized in the writings of these three thinkers, has indeed played a pivotal role in shaping many current taken-for-granted understandings of the concept of experience in the discipline of anthropology as a whole. In the process of exploring how experience is viewed by these three scholars, this paper will thus take some initial steps toward the historical contextualization of many of the unquestioned assumptions underpinning current understandings of experience in the discipline of anthropology and the social sciences more generally.

Lévi-Strauss, Braudel and Brazil: A Case of Mutual Influence / Skidmore, Thomas E. = Bulletin of Latin American Research; Jul 2003, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p340, 10p. Subject Terms: Brazil – History, international relations, France, Levi-Strauss, Claude, Braudel, Fernand.

Abstract: Presents information on the history of Brazil. Relations between Brazil and France; Invitation of French scholars to help launch the University of Sao Paulo; Experiences of French scholars Claude Lévi-Strauss and Fernand Braudel in ethnography and geography of the country.

Cross–cultural structures of concentric and diametric dualism in Lévi–Strauss’ structural anthropology: structures of relation underlying the self and ego relation? / Downes, P. = Journal of Analytical Psychology; Feb 2003, Vol. 48 Issue 1, p47-81, 35p. Subject terms: dualism, superego, Compensatory relation, Concentric dualism, Diametric dualism, Foreground–background interaction, Inverted symmetry, Mandala

Abstract: Highlights the parallels between C.G. Jung's and Levi-Strauss' concentric cross-cultural structures of the unconscious. Development of Levi-Strauss' basic contrasts between concentric and diametric dualisms into psychologically relevant differences regarding symmetry, connection and separation; Argument that concentric structures express the self and diametric structures express the ego.

An Interview with Claude Levi-Strauss / Massenzio, Marcello = Current Anthropology; Jun 2001, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p419-425, 7p, 1 bw. Subject terms: interviews, anthropologists, culture, social sciences

Abstract: The article presents an interview with anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, on topics related to social sciences. With regards to the nature-culture opposition, Lévi-Strauss views the prohibition of incest as a process by which nature transcends itself. Also, Lévi-Strauss believes that reverberations of structural anthropology were essentially the product of historical circumstances. Full text

Claude Lévi-Strauss = Social Science Quotations; 1/1/2000, p130, 2p. Subject Terms: anthropologists, social sciences

Abstract: Presents a collection of quotations related to the social sciences by French anthropologist Claude L. é vi-Strauss.

Three Clowns of Ethnography: Geertz, Levi-Strauss, and Derrida / McCormack, Brian1 = Dialectical Anthropology; 1999, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p125-139, 15p. Subject Terms: Derrida, Jacques, Geertz, Clifford, Levi-Strauss, Claude

Abstract: Comments on the ethnographic writings of ethnographers, Clifford Geertz, Claude Levi-Strauss and Jacques Derrida. Description of Geertz transparency in his musings on Levi-Strauss; Comparison between the writing styles of Derrida and Geertz;; Focus on Geertz failure in exploring his authorship on his essays "The World in a Text: How to Read 'Tristes Tropiques'" and "The Cerebral Savage: On the World of Claude Levi-Strauss".

Anthropology and the sciences humaines: The voice of Levi-Strauss / Johnson, Christopher. History of the Human Sciences; Aug 1997, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p122, 12p

Abstract: Examines the role of Claude Levi-Strauss in establishing anthropology during the postwar years, which caused his discipline to be renown and placed at the centre of human sciences in France. Details on the role played by Levi-Strauss; Contributions made by Strauss to anthropology.

On Turner on Lévi-Strauss / De Almeida, M. W. Barbosa = Current Anthropology; Feb1992, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p60-63, 4p. Subject Terms: anthropology, anthropologists, reasoning, entropy

Abstract: The article presents the author's response to the comments of anthropologist T. Turner on the use of mathematical metaphors in anthropological reasoning. In this context, the author discusses anthropologist C. Lévi-Strauss' treatment of human order. The author says that Lévi-Strauss sought inspiration in metaphors of entropy to convey a sense of historical change.

Claude Levi-Strauss meets Alexander Goldenweiser: Boasian anthropology and the study of Totemism / Shapiro, W. = American Anthropologist; Sep 1991, Vol. 93 Issue 3, p599, 12p

Abstract: Presents an essay on the conjunction of two anthropological traditions: the more recent `French structualism' and the other tradition `Boasian anthropology.' Influences of Levi-Strauss, Radcliffe Brown, and Alexander Goldenweiser; Movement towardsproto-structural view of totemism; Structural differentiation: Natural and cultural; The `Form and Content' statement; Goldenweiser's later contributions; Boasian anthropology and the study of totemism; French influence; Conclusion.

Mathematical Metaphors in the Work of Lévi-Strauss / de Almeida, M.W. Barbosa = Current Anthropology; Aug-Oct 1990, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p367-385, 19p.

Abstract: Considers the structuralist theory of Levi-Strauss. Part of an intellectual trend towards greater concern in the mathematical, physical, and biological sciences. Invariance and structure is characterized by the importance of the concept transformation group. Concerned with processes of change, decay, and evolution in structures; Neglected aspect of his theory; The conclusion of his anthropology; Comments from the author's peers; More.

Lévi-Strauss in the Nation-State/ Herzfeld, Michael. = Journal of American Folklore; Apr-Jun1985, Vol. 98 Issue 388, p191-208, 18p, 1 Chart. Subject terms: folklore – Methodology, mythology, Greek societies, social order, songs, Greek heroes,- Mythology

Abstract: Discusses the radical influence of the methodology of renouncing the position of historicist discourse developed by Claude Lévi-Strauss on the analysis of Greek mythology. Implication of the differentiation between cold and hot societies for history according to Lévi-Strauss; Factors that were expected to validate social and political order during the 19th century Europe; Examples of verbal texts of some Greek songs that describes the exploits of heroes.

Philosophy of Man as a Rigorous Science: A View of Claude Levi-Strauss' Structural Anthropology / Bossert, Philip J. = Human Studies; Apr/Jun 1982, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p97-107, 11p. Subject Terms: structural anthropology, anthropologists, societies, culture, interpersonal relations, anthropology

Abstract: The article presents views of the author with respect to the opinion expressed by structural anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss on the requirement of having a separate place for anthropology. His structural anthropology presupposes the unity of reason and the permanence of human nature. His method approaches the understanding and explication of the formation, maintenance and transformation of human societies and cultures in terms of "deep" structures operative in all human intellectual activity. Social behavior, cultural beliefs, traits or customs are not formative of human thought as sociologist Emile Durkheim's work suggests but the reverse. Strauss would like to distinguish structural anthropology from philosophy and science. According to the author anthropology is not bound by any cultural prejudices. According to Levi-Strauss, the anthropologist must transcend the value norms and standards of judgment of his own society and become completely objective in his analyses so that he may take a levelheaded and unbiased view of other cultures. Strauss is willing to grant that there are many worlds and many levels of reality, i.e. many possible myths and he seems to have made up his mind about which myth is correct. But this is inconsistent with the allegedly unbiased and unprejudiced approach that his structural anthropology espouses.

Age of Structuralism: Levi-strauss to Foucault / Kurzweil, Edith. New York : Columbia University Press 1980, 224p. Subject terms: Psychology, sociology and anthropology -- sociology

Abstract: Explains the Contributions of Levi-strauss, Then Illuminates the Ideas of The Other Writers, Louis Althusser, Henri Lefebvre, Paul Ricoeur, Alain Touraine, Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes and Michel Foucault.

Dialectic and Structure in Jean-Paul Sartre and Claude Lévi-Strauss / Brown, Richard Harvey = Human Studies; Jan 1979, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p1-19, 19p Subject terms: sociologists, sociology, dialectic, Sartre, Jean-Paul, 1905-1980, modality (Theory of knowledge)

Abstract: An adequate sociology would seem to require both these dimensions, an account of consciousness and structure, a treatment both of choice and of constraint, of change as well as of order, of historical construction as well as invariant structures. One method for practicing such a sociology can be drawn from the respective logics of existentialism and structuralism. This article argues that such a method is not only possible, but directly implied in both dialectical and structural modes of thought. Such a method is in fact used by some sociologists, though usually without explicit awareness. The article discusses the dialectical social theory of French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre. Then, after treating French social anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss' theory of structure, the article argues that dialectical thought generates structures, and that structuralism invites a dialectical method of construction. While such an integration on the level of method does not constitute an integrated social theory, it can remove an important obstacle to the development of such theory.

The savage bind: Lévi-Strauss' Myth Analysis and Anglophone Social Science / Carroll, Michael P. = Pacific Sociological Review; Oct 1978, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p467-486, 20p. Subject Terms: mythology, culture, Indians of North America, microsociology, myth -- study & teaching

Abstract: The article discusses Anthropologist C. Lévi-Strauss' myth analysis and Anglophone social science. Lévi-Strauss has often demonstrated a fondness for first tossing out some quite unexpected association of concepts and then demonstrating that this association makes perfect sense. In 1955 Lévi-Strauss published his first major English-language article on myth, and this article lays down the entire program for all his subsequent studies in this area. But despite the importance now attributed to that article, it apparently did not make much of an impact at the time, in the sense of inspiring others to go and do likewise. The initial article Lévi-Strauss presented two mythological oppositions. The first was concerned with the type of culture from which the subject matter of structural analysis would be drawn. On the one hand, much of the article is taken up with the analysis of myths from non-Western cultures, notably North American Indian cultures. On the other hand, one of the most well known analyses in that article is Lévi-Strauss' interpretation of the Oedipus myth. This represents the first and last time that he has ever seriously investigated a myth drawn from Western culture, and in recent years he has even constructed a theoretical rationale.

The origins of Levi-Strauss's structuralism / Clarke, Simon = Sociology; Sep 1978, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p405-439, 35p. Subject Terms: structuralism, philosophy, language & languages, intellectuals, linguistics, theory of knowledge

Abstract: The paper is concerned with the intellectual origins of Lévi-Strauss's structuralism. In the first section 1 define this structuralism, arguing that it consists of far more than a simple method, bemg underpinned by an epistemology and a theory of man m society. I argue further that this structuralism cannot be seen as the application of a method pioneered in linguistics, indicating that the `structural' aspects of Lévi-Strauss's first major theoretical work, The Elementary Structures of Kinship derive rather from Gestalt psychology than from linguistics. [abstract from author]

Putting Lévi­Strauss, Festinger, Heider and Noah into the Same Boat or Some Social Psychological Contributions to the Structural Study of Myth / Carroll, Michael P. = Sociological Inquiry; 1977, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p13-23, 11p. Subject Terms: cognitive dissonance, social psychology, folklore, myth, concepts, structural analysis, theory

Abstract: This article attempts to resolve certain ambiguities within Lévi-Strauss's structuralist approach to myth by using the theory of cognitive dissonance to clarify the concept ‘opposition’ and Heiderian social psychology to specify a procedure whereby a myth can be decomposed into its constituents units. The value of the refinements suggested here is illustrated through structural analyses of the Biblical account of the Flood and of Lévi-Strauss's theory itself. [abstract from author]

Levi-Strauss's structural analysis of myth / Clarke, Simon = Sociological Review; Nov 1977, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p743-774, 32p. Subject Terms: anthropology, humanities, mythology, myth, symptoms

Abstract: In this paper I want to examine Levi-Strauss's attempt to set the study of myth on a scientific foundation. This attempt is of fundamental importance not only in anthropology but in all the humanities since it has directly or indirectly provided the inspiration for the explosive growth of 'semiology' over the last decade, and is therefore of pivotal significance in the movement which aims to reduce all cultural phenomena to symbolic systems and to provide a 'scientific' analysis of such systems. [abstract from author]

The Ordeal of Civility: Freud, Marx, Lévi-Strauss, and the Jewish Struggle with Modernity / Rothman, Stanley = Contemporary Sociology; 3/1/76, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p109-111, 3p. Subject Terms: sociology, social classes, jews

Abstract: This article presents information on the book "The Ordeal of Civility: Freud, Marx, Levi Strauss, and the Jewish Struggle With Modernity," by John Murray Cuddihy. Here is a volume by a non-Jew which discusses the role of Jewish intellectuals in less than flattering terms. And it is by a scholar who combines the language of contemporary sociology with a wide ranging knowledge of contemporary literature. In some ways Cuddihy has taken Alvin Gouldner's much touted "The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology" as a starting point and has carried the argument one step further. What Cuddihy suggests is that Gouldner has not carried the analysis far enough. After all, Gouldner has been primarily concerned with examining the work of middle class Protestants like Talcott Parsons whom he conceives of as being conservative. By examining the sources of their thinking he feels he can demonstrate how and why they support the status quo.

From depth psychology to depth sociology: Freud, Jung and Lévi-Strauss / Staude, John Raphael = Theory & Society; Fall 1976, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p303, 36p. Subject terms: psychologists, cultural relativism, dreams, language & languages, Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939, psychological literature

Abstract: The article discusses the unifying principle of the theory of the unconscious, common to the works of psychologists Sigmund Freud, Carl Gustav Jung and Claude Léevi-Strauss. The general problem that concerned these psychologists was to discover and explain a hidden order in the mental and cultural life of mankind. Each of them assumed a universality and collectivity of human nature at its deepest, archaic levels that flew in the face of the historical and cultural relativism that prevailed in the social sciences during their lifetimes. Each of them sought to demonstrate the essential structure and pattern of human mental processes through an analysis of human cultural products such as art, dreams, music, mythology and particularly language. The article shows in detail the continuity as well as the difference in the development of the theory of the unconscious in the works of Jung and Lévi-Strauss. Some of the common themes in the writings of Freud, Jung and Lévi-Strauss and certain observations on their historical significance are also considered in the article.

Claude Lévi-Strauss: fieldwork, explanation and experience / Burridge, K. L = Theory & Society; Winter 1975, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p563-586, 24p. Subject terms: anthropology, social sciences, field work (Research)

Abstract: This article examines the stance of Claude Lévi-Strauss on anthropological fieldwork. What seems to be distinctive about anthropological fieldwork, as Lévi-Strauss has demonstrated in the book Tristes Tropiques, is that the attempt to know other human beings inevitably becomes in itself a total experience. With the first encounter attitudes adjust, the processes of perception subtly alter as the experience deepens. If at least a part of L&eaute;vi-Strauss' impact on professional colleagues derives from his criticism of traditional concepts, it has been irrelevant to his effect on the world of scholarship in general. And while this may help to draw anthropologists out of the isolation entailed in an esoteric vocabulary encouraging the use of concepts with a wider acceptance, there is that residue of action in, say, sorcery which demands a different kind of treatment. The basic problem remains. A fieldworker observes a piece of behavior, perceives an order in it, marries this perception to the insights and rationalizations of the actors and others, already the action is slipping away, serving merely as a fixative for the image or transformation that will assume its place in relation to other transformations.

Lévi-Strauss and the structuralist reading of Marx / Lepenis, Wolf = International Journal of Sociology; Spring 1974, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p15-81, 67p. Subject Terms: structuralism, sociologists, social sciences – Methodology, Marx, Karl, 1818-1883, thought & thinking, Levi-Strauss, Claude

Abstract: The article presents a systematic analysis of the connection between structuralism and Marxism by sociologist Claude Lévi-Strauss. The terms "structuralism" and "Marxism" can be used to describe a variety of positions, so that any number of possibilities presents themselves for singling out points of divergence and agreement. The axiom of an "epistemological break," which first makes possible any analysis of the characteristic "episteme" of an epoch, constitutes the premise of "symptomatic" reading of scholar Karl Marx. Even if one thinks it possible to demonstrate that Lévi-Strauss interprets Marx "quite violently," an attempt must still be made to discover the foundations on which such an interpretation rests. Lévi-Strauss might have been able to counter attempts to attack his analysis of savage thought, attempts that nonetheless see in it merely the precursor of a later form of thought, with a consistent argument for the identity of the mind, which only appears in various finite forms a whose number and possible variations are, in principle, knowable.

The Cerebral Savage: On the Work of Claude Levi-Strauss [Book Chapter]. In: Interpretation of Cultures; 1973, p345-359, 15p. Subject Terms: anthropology, suspicion, belief & doubt, anthropologists, interest (psychology)

Abstract: The article comments on the work of Claude Levi-Strauss, Professor of Social Anthropology in the College de France. In the case of Claude Levi-Strauss, the center right now of a degree of general attention which men who spend their lives studying far-off peoples do not usually get, sorting out the spiritual elements from the descriptive is particularly difficult. On the other hand, no anthropologist has been more insistent on the fact that the practice of his profession has consisted of a personal quest, driven by a personal vision, and directed to- ward a personal salvation. In Levi-Strauss' work the two faces of anthropology-as a way of going at the world and as a method for uncovering lawful relations among empirical facts-are turned in toward one another so as to force a direct confrontation between them rather than as is more common among ethnologists out away from one another so as to avoid such a confrontation and the inward stresses which go with it. This accounts both for the power of his work and for its general appeal. It rings with boldness and a kind of reckless candor. But it also accounts for the more intra professional suspicion that what is presented as High Science may really be an ingenious and somewhat roundabout attempt to defend a metaphysical position, advance an ideological argument, and serve a moral cause.

Applying Heider's Theory of Cognitive Balance to Claude Levi-Strauss. / Carroll, Michael P. = Sociometry; Sep1973, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p285-301, 17p. Subject terms: attitude (Psychology), adjustment (Psychology), social sciences – Philosophy, cognitive balance, hypothesis

Abstract: A graph theoretical formalization of Heider's theory of cognitive balance was applied to Levi-Strauss' discussion of the sentiment relations existing among four kin roles (these being father, son, mother and mother's brother). ft showed that the Presence in a given society of any one of the sentiment patterns Predicted by Levi-Straws follows as a logical consequence of Heider's theory only on the assumption that the relation between father and mother's brother relation not originally considered by Levi-Strauss -is negative. While this argument cannot be directly tested, due to the unavailability of the needed data, two hypotheses were derived which provided indirect tests of the argument. These hypotheses Predict that the patterns discussed by Levi-Strauss are more likely to be present in matri-lineal societies and that they are more likely to be absent in societies where the value of the consideration exchanged for a wife is relatively high. Using information from previous studies and from Murdock's Ethnographic Atlas, each hypothesis was tested. The data were consistent with the Predictions made, although in only one case was the result statistically significant . [abstract from author]

Myth and Symbol Analysis of Claude Lévi-Strauss and Victor Turner / Wieting, Stephen G. = Social Compass; 1972, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p139-154, 16p. Subject Terms: mythology, symbolism, religion & sociology, religion, sociology

Abstract: This article focuses on a basic problem in the analysis of myth and symbol in the sociology and anthropology of religion: how to establish an analytical system which is sufficiently regularized to allow replication; sufficiently specific to allow empirical test while maintaining sensitivity to cross-cultural nuance in the ethnographic materials, and sufficiently abstract and comprehensive to allow comparisons across cultures. Aspects of the work of two anthropologists involved in this enterprise are examined to highlight comparabilities and pin-point differences in order to facilitate more applications of their work. The two approaches examined are those of Claude Lévi-Strauss and Victor M. Turner. Both are writing at several levels of generality, both are operating with evident but not always identifiable philosophical presuppositions, and both are using somewhat different kinds of geographical and ethnographic materials for the basis of their arguments. Thus, it is always possible that a comparison or contrast drawn by an analyst of both would be accepted by only one or perhaps neither since a proper match between levels of generality, presuppositions, or ethnographic data was not first established. However, both are drawing conclusions from particular ethnographic studies they suggest their analyses have general application potential. Also, the exercise of comparison is a quite natural one for the practitioner seeking to make sense out of a particular myth segment or set of symbols.

The Dualism of Lévi-Strauss / Rayfield, J. R. = International Journal of Comparative Sociology (Brill); Sep 1971, Vol. 12 Issue 3/4, p267, 14p. Subject Terms: dualism, philosophy, anthropology, kinship, sociology

Abstract: The article examines the concept of duality which is the basis of sociologist Claude Lévi-Strauss's work and evaluates it as a model for the understanding. The work of Lévi-Strauss should be evaluated in terms of his own aims. He is one of those who regard anthropology as a sort of empirical philosophy. He believes that the human mind, in particular the unconscious mind, has a certain structure, which is manifested in all symbolic systems. Lévi-Strauss only adds that the structure is binary and is revealed in every phenomenon if only the analysis goes deep enough. He sometimes calls his method of analysis "explication," which is often translated as "explanation." Lévi-Strauss often asserts that the binary structure of the human mind is manifested in the binary nature of the three major systems of human exchange economics, kinship and language. But the human mind itself is a given, a reality, not merely a concept inducted from these manifestations, Lévi-Strauss never ceases to be a philosopher.

Incest and culture: a reflection on Claude Levi-Strauss / Schechner, Richard = Psychoanalytic Review; Winter, 1971; 1972, Vol. 58, p563-572, 10p



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